Out of 300 varieties of stones that are traded worldwide, India produces half of them. We boast a wide spectrum of dimensional stones that include granite, marble, sandstone, slate, quartz, and many other semi-precious granite and stones of India. India is among the largest producer of the raw granite and stone material. Both northern and southern parts of India produce theses valuable stones. Rajasthan, Gujarat, Orissa, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu are some of the major stone producing states in the country.
Long back during 3200 BC, disposition, development, and use of stones along with other construction materials came to play its crucial role. Production and manufacturing of blocks, flooring, slab, ready to fix tiles, tombstones, sculptures, monuments, and various other artifacts are made up of stones. It not only makes every structure look aesthetic but adds strength to it.
Temples, forts, palaces, etc. used to be constructed with stones in India. Konark temple, Taj Mahal, Sanchi Stupa, Khajuraho temple, and the list can go on. They all are the witness of good quality architecture that is carved through stones.
A variety of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks form an important part of the construction work. Dimension stones are used as structural and decorative stone. Various types of finishes can be applied to dimension stones. It includes shiny to the non-reflective surface to brush hammered, thermal and sandblasted.
Marble is considered to be the royal and pure stone. Yellow marble, Andhi marble, Rajnagar marble, Makrana, Katni Range, and Abu black are some of the marbles that India produces. As for granite, there are over 200 shades of granite that we produce and export. 90% the sandstone deposit can be found in Rajasthan and the remaining can be found in Andhra Pradesh. Limestone is extensively used for manufacturing cement. Laterite bricks are quarried in the states of Orissa, Karnataka, and Goa. Felsite is produced in Karnataka and used extensively as a dimensional stone.
Marbles from Rajasthan:
Yellow marble can be found in Jaisalmer district of Rajasthan. Abu black is a black decorative marble that also comes from Rajasthan. Andhi marble is a pistachio colour marble with white background. Makrana is the similar marble that is used in the construction of the Taj Mahal.
Semi-precious stones include Zoisite, Apoplyllite, Muscotiva mica, and almandines are to name a few. The stones are still used in a large number in civil structure in India. Public buildings, hotels, temples, tombs, etc. are still constructed with stones. India not only produces a huge number natural stones, but is only one of the top exporters in the world.
This is only a small glimpse of what granite and stone types of India are comprised of and the summary seems quite impressive. At Bharat Stones, we can get you the assorted range of granite. Visit our website to have a look at the various types of granite.